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This report provides an overview of UNFPA's achievements in 2011 in linking population dynamics and development, increasing access to maternal and newborn health, increasing availability of family planning, strengthening HIV-prevention services, advocating gender equality and reproductive rights, and increasing young people’s access to services. 

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Family planning is a human right. Yet today some 222 million women in developing countries are unable to exercise that right because they lack access to contraceptives, information and quality services or because social and economic forces prevent them from taking advantage of services even where they are available.

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In June 2011, Swaziland joined the international community in signing the 2011 Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS, reaffirming its previous commitments made in 2001 and 2006. The Political Declaration motivates and compels countries to work towards achieving the Millennium Development Goal Six to halt and reverse the spread of HIV epidemic by 2015. The 2011 Political Declaration demonstrates the spirit of planning for results through setting time bound targets that countries should achieve by 2015.

 

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After more than a decade marked by a protracted civil war that saw the massive destruction of Sierra Leone’s socioeconomic infrastructure, the erosion of the national human resource base, and the breakdown of the entire system, the country has moved gradually through emergency, transition and to an active development phase.

 

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The Maputo Plan of Action for the Operationalisation of the Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Continental Policy Framework seeks to take thecontinent forward towards the goal of universal access to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services in Africa by 2015. It is a short term plan for the period up to 2010 - recently extended to 2015 - built on these action areas: integration of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services into PHC, repositioning family planning, developing and promotingyouth-friendly services, unsafe abortion, quality safe motherhood, resource mobilisation, commodity security and monitoring and evaluation.

 

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Every year, the Population Secretariat in the Ministry of Finance Planning and Economic Development, in its State of the Population Report, publishes key population concerns that need to be addressed in Uganda's quest to improve the quality life of its people. The key objective of this report is to provide comprehensive information and data to stimulate broader and deeper thinking, and to contribute to the public debate about Uganda's future. The report reflects on the most important population and development challenges facing Ugandan society, and their causes and consequences.

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This publication on good practices and lessons learned are a collection of experiences of country offices in managing natural disasters. The experiences show how UNFPA guidelines in humanitarian situations have contributed to improving the ICPD (International Conference on Population and development) agenda. These experiences and practice make reference evidence-based tools, strategies, challenges and lessons learned in the course of life saving interventions in sexual and reproductive health and protection in different crisis settings in support of government efforts.
 

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The State of World's Midwifery 2011: Delivering Health, Saving Lives, provides a comprehensive analysis of midwifery services and issues in countries where the needs are greatest. The report provides information and data gathered from 58 countries in all regions of the world. Zimbabwe is one of the 58 countries that provided information. The report's anlysis confirms that the world lacks some 350 000 skilled midwives; 112 000 in the neediest 38 countries surveyed to fully meet the needs of women worldwide. The full report can be accessed through the link below.

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Sierra Leone has a population of about 5.7 million, with an annual growth rate of 1.8 per cent and a doubling time of only 37 years. The high proportion of youths in the population has set in motion a high growth inertia for the coming generation, even if the fertility rate were to slow down to a normal replacement level. This is reinforced by entrenched socio-cultural stereotypes that favour large family sizes. 

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While Africa has generally made positive progress towards achieving the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), performance has been mixed across indicators and countries. Recent food, fuel and financial crises, coupled with threats from climate change and instability in North Africa, are likely to affect the region's MDG achievement. Based on current trends, the continent's overall pace of progress is insufficient to achieve the goals by the target date of 2015.

 

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