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Flagship Programmes

CARMMA (Campaign on Accelerated Reduction of Maternal Mortality in Africa)

CARMMA, the Campaign on Accelerated Reduction of Maternal Mortality in Africa, is an initiative of the African Union Commission, with UNFPA support. It is aimed at lowering the unacceptably high levels of maternal and child deaths on the continent. The campaign has now been adopted by African countries as a way of redoubling efforts to improve the health and survival of mothers, babies and young children. With launching comes implementation of commitments, policies and activities that include mobilization; the development of National Road Maps; provision of sustainable funding; strengthening of health systems; development of monitoring and evaluation mechanisms; promotion of integrated HIV and AIDS; and strengthening of reproductive and family planning services.


PreMDESA, Preventing Maternal Deaths in East and Southern Africa

Impressive progress in maternal health has been achieved in East and Southern Africa but the region still sees far too many maternal deaths and ill health related to pregnancy and childbirth, and far too many young people who cannot get needed contraception. The region has the world’s second worst rate of maternal mortality at 455 deaths per 100,000 live births. See our key activities - Innovation Accelerator and TuneMe - and our Knowledge Hub.

On average, a woman has 4.4 children, and just over one third of married women aged 15-49 years use modern contraception. This data underlines the need to redouble efforts in East and Southern Africa (ESA) to improve the quality and coverage of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. This requires a combination of investment, evidence, policies, programmes and advocacy.

UNFPA’s new flagship project, Preventing Maternal Deaths in East and Southern Africa (PreMDESA), creatively uses a multifaceted approach. It aims to provide robust evidence to inform successful design and implementation of sexual and reproductive health programmes - as well as support formative research in areas of innovation, demographics, and data.

PreMDESA’s rich basket of activities covers a continuum of interlinked areas and issues:

  • Supplying life-saving contraceptives and training health providers will improve both access to and quality of family planning services;
  • Research on key reproductive health issues will provide hard evidence to inform policies to revitalize family planning;
  • Targeting under-served, marginalized groups will expand their access to, demand for and use of reproductive health services;
  • Using social media to reach young people with information will drive behaviour change - see TuneMe and Innovation Accelerator;
  • Improving data capture and analysis will produce evidence for advocacy on how to harness the demographic dividend.

The programme will provide family planning services to three million users, including nearly half a million additional users, resulting in:

2,126 maternal deaths averted
765,875 unintended pregnancies averted
3,725,543 couple years of protection provided

Read how PreMDESA is already having an impact by reducing maternal deaths.

Research reports

SYP, The Safeguard Young People Programme

SYP empowers adolescents and young people aged 10 to 24 years (with special focus on adolescent girls) to protect themselves from STIs including HIV, early and unintended pregnancy, unsafe abortion, early marriage, gender-based violence and harmful cultural practices, while promoting gender-equitable norms.

The first phase of the programme, which ended in December 2016, included the following key activities:

  • Developing multi-year national operational plans aligned to the regional proposal;
  • Conducting a baseline study and many focused assessments;
  • Capacity building for implementing partners;
  • Developing/adapting programme educational packages;
  • Identification and scaling up of best and promising practices.


SRHR and HIV Linkages Project

The integration of HIV services with sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services is an important part of the global response to HIV and SRH. An integrated approach to the management of HIV and SRH makes good ‘people’ sense as it benefits clients and service providers alike, and is likely to improve efficiency in service provision. The Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) and HIV Linkages in East and Southern Africa project seeks to make a difference in health service delivery by linking SRHR and HIV at the policy and system levels. It supports the institutionalization of integrated SRH and HIV service delivery strategies and models in 10 countries in East and Southern Africa.

Phase I of the project was carried out in seven countries – Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. This phase was supported by the European Union (EU) and the Governments of Sweden and Norway with a total of $15 million for the period 2011-2015.

It aimed to promote efficient and effective linkages between HIV and SRHR policies and services as part of strengthening health systems and to increase access to and use of quality services. It also contributed to the goals of universal access to reproductive health (MDGs 3, 4 and 5) and HIV prevention, treatment, care and support (MDG 6).

Phase II of the project, running from 2016-2019, builds on the results of and lessons learned from phase I. Phase II extends to three further countries – Kenya, South Africa and Uganda, taking the number to ten.

Results from phase I have shown that the integrated services model promoted in the project leads to improvements in service uptake. Examples of this are an increase in the number of people accessing family planning (FP), HIV and other SRHR services; increased uptake of HIV testing and counselling (HTC) and anti-retroviral treatment (ART) when needed; increased coverage of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), in particular the number of newborns screened for HIV; and, increased number of women and girls screened for cervical cancer.

The purpose of phase II of the project is to institutionalize the provision of a minimum package of integrated, non-discriminatory SRH and HIV services in 10 ESA countries by 2019. In at least 3 countries, this will include GBV services as part of the minimum package.

What are we aiming towards?       How are we planning to achieve this?      The findings.       Publications and resources       For more detailed information, click here.

Linking Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and HIV in Southern Africa - See more at: